What are Estimated Quarterly Returns?

Declaration of Estimated Tax Frequently Asked Questions (F.A.Q.s)

  1. What is a Declaration of Estimated Tax?
    Any Canton taxpayer who expects to receive taxable income that has no tax withholding (or less than 2.25% tax withheld) must Declare that income at the beginning of the year, and pay the estimated tax on it quarterly. Basically, if an employer doesn’t withhold city tax, taxpayers must withhold it from their own pay, and remit it to the City themselves.
  2. Who must file a Declaration?
    Any person who receives taxable wages which are not subject to withholding at the source by his or her employer must file a “Declaration of Estimated Tax.” Example: XYZ Corporation in Plain Township employs a Canton resident. XYZ Corp. does not withhold Canton city income tax from the employee’s paycheck, so the employee must file a Declaration.

    Any person who anticipates taxable income from a business, profession, enterprise, or other for-profit activity which is subject to the Canton city income tax. Example: A nonresident of Canton operates a Lawn care/Landscaping service which has customers inside the Canton city limits. He must file a Declaration of Estimated Tax on that income.
  3. Is there a penalty for failure to file a Declaration?
    Yes! The Declaration of Estimated Tax is required by Law. The failure to file a bonafide Declaration will result in a penalty of 15% of the unpaid balance and an additional interest assessment.
  4. What is a bonafide Declaration?
    A bonafide (“good faith”) Declaration is one in which the combination of the taxes withheld and the estimated taxes paid total 90% or more of the tax obligation shown on the taxpayer’s income tax return. Payments of estimated tax plus any other credits must equal 90% of the final liability to avoid the fine and interest penalty. Estimated credits equal to at least 100% of the prior year’s final liability will not be penalized either. Example: A small-businessman, who owed $300.00 on the prior year’s tax return, files a Declaration of Estimated Tax for the current year, of $270.00. On the final tax return, it is determined that his tax obligation was actually $350.00. The Declaration was less than 100% of the prior year’s tax liability and was only 77% of the current tax obligation, rather than the 90% required to be in “good faith.”
  5. How much is the penalty and interest?
    The amount of penalty and interest depends upon the estimate requirement (90% of the tax obligation), and total credit on the tax return (withholding + estimate payments). When the tax return is filed, an auditor will multiply the tax obligation by 90% to find the bonafide Declaration amount. That amount is divided by four, to establish the installment amount that should have been paid quarterly. The quarterly installment due is compared with the combined estimate and withholding payments from each quarter. Any difference will be subjected to penalty of 15%. Interest will also be imposed at the federal short term rate rounded to the nearest whole percent, plus five percent.
  6. Does Canton give credit on the Declarations for taxes withheld and paid to another city?
    Yes. Canton gives full credit (up to 2.5%) on the Declaration of Estimated Tax for withholdings due and payable to another city. However, a Canton resident who works in a city whose tax rate is less than 2.25% would have insufficient credit to avoid falling below the “90%” test. Taxpayers working in North Canton, Canal Fulton, East Canton, and any of the townships will need to file the Declaration and pay estimated tax in order to meet the good faith requirement.
  7. How will the public know about this mandatory Declaration of Estimated Tax requirement?
    It’s on the tax form, and in the “General Information Sheet” and “Line-by-Line Instructions” which are available here. The estimate remittance forms are available here as well. Also, our auditors will try to identify taxpayers who file returns reporting total credits which are less than their actual tax obligations by 11% or more, and a letter and this FAQs sheet will be sent to each, informing him or her of the Declaration requirement. Ultimately, though, the Declaration of Estimated Tax is your responsibility - not the tax department’s.
  8. When should the Declaration be filed?
    The Declaration is due with the annual city income tax return every year; however, it may be filed separately, as late as April 15, without incurring any penalty.
  9. When are the payments due, and how much are they?
    At least one-fourth (1/4) of the estimated tax due should be paid with the previous year’s annual return and the current Declaration: on or before April 15.

    It’s really simple: the tax on the income you make in January, February, and March is due to the City in April. For April, May, and June, the tax is due June 15. For July, August and September, the tax is due September 15. And for October, November, and December, the tax is due January 15. You withhold the tax from your own pay, and remit it to the City just as if the employer were doing it. Please note carefully: the Canton city income tax department will not send a statement of estimated tax due every quarter. Instead, the quarterly statements have been included with the annual tax return. For individuals, the remittances will be due April 15, June 15, September 15, and January 15. For businesses, the remittances will be due on the 15th day of the fourth, sixth, ninth, and twelfth month of their filing year. Please mark your calendar and be sure to file your estimates timely.
  10. What should I do if the original Declaration needs to be changed?
    In order to account for mid-year changes in income, employment status, etc., a Declaration of Estimated Tax can be amended as needed, at any time. Simply adjust the amount due on your next quarterly statement of estimated tax by writing in your amended figures, and send it in by the next quarterly deadline.
  11. What if I have more questions, or I just don’t get it?
    Call the income tax department! Our auditors will be glad to assist you, and answer all of your additional questions.

Show All Answers

1. How do I handle the 07/01/18 tax rate increase for withholding purposes?
2. What is form 2106?
3. What are Estimated Quarterly Returns?
4. How do I handle stock options?
5. How do I handle Early Retirement - Separation Payouts?
6. How do I handle Lump Sum Distributions?
7. How do I submit Federal Schedules?
8. What if I do not include a payment with my return?
9. What are "Qualifying Wages"?
10. What is witholding?
11. What are extensions?
12. What is the City of Canton Income Tax Rate and what type of Income is taxable?
13. What if I reside in Canton and work in an area with no municipal tax. How often must I file with Canton?
14. Is there an age limit for individuals subject to Canton Income Tax?
15. I am over 65. I am retired. My only income is from Social Security, company pension, interest, and dividends. Am I required to file a City of Canton Income Tax Return?
16. If an individual files late, is there a penalty?
17. Can I receive assistance in preparing my City of Canton Income Tax Return?
18. Can I obtain a copy of the City of Canton Income Tax Ordinance?
19. What is an Independent contactor?
20. What must I do if I am a contractor?
21. What do I do with a 1099?
22. Do I live in the City of Canton?